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AI is intelligence exhibited by machines that can observe, perceive and act upon their environment to maximize their chance of success at some goal. It refers to the capacity of an algorithm for assimilating information to perform tasks that are characteristic of human intelligence, such as recognizing objects and sounds, contextualizing language, learning from the environment, and problem solving. Currently, AI systems in development today remain mainly “optimizing” tools, operating as specialized expert systems that use a database of knowledge to make decisions (mainly through inference, not really “Intelligence”). Researchers are however working on a “strong” AI where machines can perform the full range of human cognitive capabilities. Within this report, the term “AI” will therefore be used as a generic term to mainly refer to Machine Learning adapted to work with geospatial data.

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